The Agganna Sutta presents a Buddhist creation fable with a moral about castes. Here is a condensed version of the tale. AGGANNA SUTTA: On Knowledge of Beginnings. This is a text taken from a larger collection called the Long Discourses (Digha. Nikaya); the teachings. In contrast with the brahmin’s self-serving mythologies of the past, the Buddha presents an account of evolution that shows how human choices are an integral.

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So, they went to the fairest, ablest, most likeable, and most intelligent person and appointed him to do the judging and passing out sentences on the reward of a share of rice. The Monarch accepts a ‘share of rice’ as his reward to rectify the social order, which is the origin of voluntary reward which evolves into the taxation suta. They set up retreats and huts in the forests and meditated there.

This order was created by the people’s wish and need, based on the Dhamma and not from others. This, then, is the origin of the class of Suddas in accordance with the ancient titles that were introduced for them.

For brahmin women are seen menstruating, aggannz pregnant, giving birth, and breast-feeding. There was already the distinction between male and female.

The Sutta begins when the Buddha is staying in Savatthi, in the temple donated by Visakkha, the mother of Migara. As the cosmos contracts, sentient aggannx are mostly headed for the realm of streaming radiance. The Buddha said that the Brahmins are not speaking truthfully and they will reap a bad result from their own deeds.


Aggañña Sutta

By this time, the body of the creatures had become finely evolved. So too will a Brahmin, a Vessa or a Sudda. In the second part of the Sutta, the Buddha tells the story of how human beings came to dwell on Earth.

The concepts of the beautiful and the ugly were born. When people noticed this they said: They will even get into trouble from their own deeds, whatever their caste Brahmin, Khattiya, Vessa, and Sudda might be.

They became lustful, and their bodies burned with fever. The Shramana Gotama inspired awe and respect, while I do not. Their origin was from among these very same beings Also the rice grew in kernels and husks, scattered, which the creatures must work, nurse, maintain, harvest, and cook in order to obtain the white rice.

They acted accordingly, and were paid with a share of rice. So, by the opinion of the other Brahmins, how can Vasettha and Bharadvaja leave this good caste and status, thus joining together with fraudulent ascetics with shaven heads from other castes, lower in status as they are born from the feet of Brahma?

The Origin of the World.

Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies

Next, creepers appeared, shooting up like bamboo People noticed this and ‘Those who meditated’ were called ‘Jhayanti’ or ‘Jhayaka’. There comes a time when, after a very long period has passed, this cosmos expands. The remaining beings lived by hunting and suttta tasks.

They agganna down in the morning for breakfast and in the evening for supper to the village, town, or royal capital seeking a meal. So, they appointed someone to rectify what is right and what stta wrong, give warnings to those who need it, give punishment to those who deserve it, and in return, they will give him a share of their rice.


Due to the governance of Dhamma which became the root of all castes and people anyone, from any the caste, who did demerit and wrongdoings, lived a bad life of speech, thoughts, views, and wrongdoings, they would end up after their death, in the realm of sufferings, hell, loss, and torture.

Devolution and Evolution in the Agganna Sutta | Sugunasiri | Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies

And [86] the result of this was that their self-luminance disappeared. They are bright deeds with bright results, praised by sensible people.

For we used to be mind-made, feeding on rapture, self-luminous, moving through the sky, steadily glorious, and we remained like that for a very long time. It was the colour of fine ghee or butter, and it was very sweet, like pure wild honey. And they were as sweet as pure manuka honey. The Origin of the World—Bhikkhu Sujato. They floated above and around the Earth. With the smoking fire gone out, with pestle cast aside, gathering alms for their evening and morning meals, they went away to a village, town or royal city to seek their food, and then they returned to their leaf-huts to meditate.

Then one of those beings of idle disposition thought: