ósea mediante el método de Greulich y Pyle y correlacionarlo . comparing the radiograph with the pattern presented in the atlas elaborated. Radiographic Atlas of Skeletal Development of the Hand and Wrist: Medicine by William Walter Greulich (Author), S. Idell Pyle ( Author). However, this atlas has been criticised for being applied to foreign Keywords: Age estimation, forensic anthropology, Greulich and Pyle, hand-wrist, Cameriere R, De Luca S, Biagi R, Cingolani M, Farronato G, Ferrante.

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This study was a longitudinal study that collected serial anthropometric data and radiographs of children as they progressed through childhood and was developed by T.

An over or underestimation of bone age can result in the inappropriate diagnosis and treatment of growth disorders, unjust punishment, misplacement in a new school or undue advantage in competitive sports. Part I General considerations. Int J Legal Med.

Age determination in forensic medicine, 2nd edn. Re-use of this article is permitted in accordance with the Creative Commons Deed, Attribution 2. J Pak Med Assoc.

The differences between chronological age and estimated age were broken down further into year cohorts for each sex Table 5. Nuzhat Hassan 2 Dr. Stanford University Press; Pocket atlas of skeletal age. Skeletal maturation in the hand: This study aims to greupich the applicability of the Greulich and Pyle atlas to a modern Scottish sample to assess whether it is appropriate for forensic use as a method of age estimation when applied to a contemporary population.


Am J Phys Anthropol. Ahd males, SA was advanced during early childhood, delayed during middle and late childhood and, again, advanced during adolescence.

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A new system for estimating skeletal maturity from the hand and wrist with standards derived from a study of healthy British children. The Greulich—Pyle GP atlas is one of the most frequently used methods for the assessment of skeletal age around the world.


Finding individuals who were still undergoing fusion was not unexpected because in any population there will be individuals who, for a variety of reasons, achieve maturational milestones at a different chronological age to others 25 We would like to acknowledge the contributions of Ms Nida, Biostatistician at Ziauddin University, Karachi, in statistical analysis of this study and Bilal Matin, 4th year medical student at Ziauddin University, in sample collection of this study.

Hackman L, Black S. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. While the effects of this scrutiny are still embryonic, it has resulted in the questioning of the reliability of conclusions drawn by the application of forensic methodologies.

Ninewells Hospital is a large teaching hospital which serves the local Tayside area in the East of Scotland. Dental age assessment in orthodontic patients with and without skeletal malocclusions.

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Hagg U, Taranger J. Mean differences between chronological age and estimated age months. Digital images of hand and wrist radiographs were obtained by a computed radiography at Ziauddin Hospital Clifton. A negative value therefore indicates that the individual had been under-aged, and a positive value indicates an individual who had been over-aged using the Greulich and Pyle atlas 5.


This study greulivh supports the use of the Greulich and Pyle atlas when age estimating a child from this population as long as the differences highlighted in this study are taken into account.

The Reliability of the Greulich and Pyle Atlas When Applied to a Modern Scottish Population

The mean of the difference between estimated age and chronological age ranges from 0 months 2-year-old males and year-old females to After approval from the school administration, camps were setup at school where parents and children were recruited.

Reliability of the methods applied to assess age minority in living subjects around 18 years old. The mean difference between chronological age and bone age was less in females as compared to males 6. The radiographs used in this study were sourced from a local hospital and were screened only for major disorders, pathology and previous fractures.

Is the Greulich and Pyle atlas still valid for Dutch Caucasian children today? The numbers of images in the younger groups are very small with larger numbers of individuals in older age groups.