Kernig’s sign, Brudzinski’s sign, and nuchal rigidity are bedside diagnostic signs used to evaluate suspected cases of meningitis. The presence of meningeal. Inflammation of the meninges, or meningitis, is a serious neurological insult that involves the membranes (dura, pia and arachnoid matter) covering the brain. JAH had the highest sensitivity and Kernig and Brudzinski had the highest ( ROC) curve of Neck stiffness (), Kerning (), Brudzinski (), . Tamune H, Takeya H, Suzuki W, Tagashira Y, Kuki T, Nakamura M.

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According to another study, which was performed by Aminzadeh et al. This disease is particularly common amongst men 1.

Kernig’s test and Brudzinski’s sign |

However they do not need to have all these symptoms together one alone is enough cause for investigation. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery. The frequency of physical signs usually attributed to meningeal irritation in elderly patients. South Med J ; Ueber ein Wenig Bemerktes Meningitis- Symptom.

Funding This article is not supported by any funding organization. Arch Intern Med ; Participants Inclusion criteria were: Since the overall brydzinski of JAH and other clinical signs is in poor to fair range, they do not have good performance alone in detection of meningitis.

Find articles by Farzad Rahmani. CitePeer Related Articles http: Signs of meningeal irritation at the emergency department: Pneumococcal meningitis in adults: Open in a separate window.


Appraisal of Kernig’s and Brudzinski’s sign in meningitis

Verghese A, Gallemore G. To elicit the Kernig’s sign, patient is kept in supine position, hip and knee are flexed to a right angle, and then knee is slowly extended by the examiner. Cranial computed tomography before lumbar puncture: Med Clin North Am ; The diagnostic value of the mentioned clinical signs in early diagnosis of meningitis has been evaluated in some studies but not only there is not complete information, but also the few existing results are contrary to each other 8 – In a patient with positive Kernig sign the experiences pain along spinal cord and limits passive extension of knee.

Introduction Meningitis is a common life-threatening medical emergency caused by infectious and non-infectious agents. JAH had the highest sensitivity To tap or not to tap. Brudzinski was an active leader in the medical and political community. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

JAH had the highest sensitivity and Kernig and Brudzinski had the highest specificity.

A recent study, by Thomas et al. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry ; Twenty Years of pediatric tuberculous meningitis: Clin Pediatr Phila ; Isolated cervical spondylodiscitis due to brucellosis: From kening figures and studies mentioned above, it is apparent brudzisnki both, Kernig’s and Brudzinski’s signs, are not very sensitive for detecting meningitis and, therefore, when absent, should not be inferred as there is no evidence of meningitis.


The obscure cheek sign, symphyseal sign, Brudzinski’s reflex, and the most popular Brudzinski neck sign. Am J Emerg Med. Nielsen said that before children are immunized they can catch any illnesses preventable by vaccines.

Rapid and accurate ksrning by history and clinical examination is helpful to guide further specific investigation and treatment. N Engl J Med ; Both of these signs were most commonly observed in children with meningitis caused by Mycobaterium tuberculosis. In the study by Uchihara et al. The findings of the current study showed that diagnostic value of JAH in diagnosis of meningitis in emergency department is kwrning than other clinical signs such as Kernig, Brudzinski and neck stiffness but the accuracy of all the mentioned signs is in poor to fair range AUC 60 to Josef Brudzinski —a Polish born pediatrician, also studied at the Russian University of Dorpat, and then practiced medicine in Poland.

The diagnostic value of clinical signs in early diagnosis of meningitis has been evaluated but the existing results are contradicting. Area under the receiver operating characteristic ROC curve of Neck brudzinksi 0. Lancet Neurol ; 5: All these factors may account for low sensitivity.

Analysis of lumbar punctures.