LEON FESTINGER DISONANCIA COGNITIVA PDF

Teroria de la Disonancia Cognitiva de Leon Festinger Festinger explica sobre la incoherencia e incluye la que una persona actúa de manera. Según Leon Festinger, autor de la teoría de la Disonancia Cognitiva hace más de 40 años, “las personas no soportamos mantener al mismo. Almost half a century ago social psychologist Leon Festinger developed the cognitive dissonance theory (Festinger, ). The theory has obviously stood the.

Author: Yozshutilar Zulkishakar
Country: Somalia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Politics
Published (Last): 2 January 2016
Pages: 311
PDF File Size: 16.1 Mb
ePub File Size: 6.2 Mb
ISBN: 405-4-66751-561-9
Downloads: 16923
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Nikotaxe

Understanding Consumers’ Encounters with Unexpected Pricesindicated that when consumers experience an unexpected price encounter, they adopt three methods to reduce cognitive dissonance: Estos ejemplos muestran la necesidad que tenemos las personas de justificar lo innecesario o, incluso, lo injustificable.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Leon Festinger

The predictive dissonance model proposes that cognitive dissonance is fundamentally related to the predictive coding or predictive processing model of cognition. Cognitive dissonance comes into play when people try to reconcile the conflicting behaviors or ideas.

The bias that one does not have any biases, the bias that one is “better, kinder, smarter, more moral, and nicer than average,” and confirmation bias. The results indicated a great increase in the positive attitude of the participant towards the liked pair of things, whilst also increasing the negative attitude towards the disliked pair of things. Humans are not either mad, liars or truth tellers – they slide effortlessly between the three states often within the span of single sentence, act or feeling.

When doomsday came and went, Martin claimed that the world had been spared because of the “force of Good and light” [52] that the group members had spread throughout the world. A common way to reduce dissonance is to increase the attractiveness of the chosen alternative and to decrease the attractiveness of the rejected alternative. This justifies the effort made.

You buy a car and it turns out that cars spends a lot of gas. Most importantly, it allows ddisonancia to check yourself, to see if you’re being as skeptical as you should be. Of course that’s a coincidence but let’s not get into all festinher coincidence nonsense right now.

  GHEORGHE BRATIANU MAREA NEAGRA PDF

Journal of the European Economic Association.

The predictive dissonance account proposes that the motivation for cognitive dissonance reduction is related to an organism’s active drive for reducing prediction error. Festinger and his crew predicted this behavior based on dissonance theory. Participants were also told that they would receive one of the products at the end of the experiment to compensate for their time and effort. Warning against the dangers of such demands when theoretical concepts are not yet fully developed, Festinger stated, “Research can increasingly address itself to minor unclarities in prior research rather than to larger issues; people can lose sight of the basic problems because the field becomes defined by the ongoing research.

The resulting choices of the human and simian subjects concorded with the theory of cognitive dissonance when the children and the monkeys each chose the novel choice-object instead of the choice-object not chosen in the first selection, despite every object having the same value.

Mar 31, Lars Roest rated it really liked it.

The early hypothesis of belief disconfirmation presented in When Prophecy Fails reported that faith deepened among the members of an apocalyptic religious cult, despite the failed prophecy of an alien spacecraft soon to land on Earth, to rescue them from earthly corruption.

Cognitive dissonance Effort justification Social comparison theory. You know who you want to trust, and who you do not.

Leon Festinger – Wikipedia

For the most part Festinger ignores this little problem. Although the results of some follow-up studies e. Armstrong, who sacrificed his job and his good name in order to assure that he would be picked up by the aliens? Despite that, Festinger and his group present a textbook case of group cognitive dissonance that follows the pattern they expected it to.

Journal of Research in Personality. The first half of the book was very interesting.

Almost any common belief that can gather a crowd is an open invitation to Festinger’s five criteria. Brehm was the first to investigate the relationship between dissonance and decision-making. Forced compliance occurs when an individual performs an action that is inconsistent with his or her beliefs.

  LIVRO COMO A MENTE FUNCIONA STEVEN PINKER PDF

Cognitive Dissonance

Through the participant observers and the actions of the researchers themselves, the group seems to have been manipulated into becoming something other than leob it wanted to be–something that suited the purposes of the researchers much better. Habitual Tener Miedo vs. To test for the occurrence of disonaancia dissonance, the name of the color was printed in a color different than the word read aloud by the participant.

The believer must believe implicitly and that belief must have an effect on how he or she behaves.

People have several ways to reduce dissonance that is aroused by making a decision Festinger, People will, moreover, take action to reduce discrepancies in attitudes, whether by changing others to bring them closer to festigner or by changing one’s own attitudes to bring them closer to others.

Dissonance reduction can be achieved by changing cognition by changing actions [58]or selectively acquiring new information or opinions.

And although their theory of cognitive dissonance was broadly correct, further research doesn’t back up their emphasis on proselytising as a disonanciw factor. A person who experiences internal inconsistency tends to become psychologically uncomfortable, and so is motivated to reduce the cognitive dissonance, by making changes to justify the stressful behavior, either by adding new parts to the cognition causing the psychological dissonance, or by actively avoiding social situations and contradictory information likely to increase the magnitude of the cognitive dissonance.

At Stanford, Festinger began to fully develop the idea he called cognitive dissonance. How diosnancia including a story about a prank caller telling len cult to come to his house because there is a cataclysmic “flood” starting in his bathroom, and then relating how the cult fell for this story and actually tried to visit the fake address this person left because they were so gullible and confused.