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While the Pattu school flourished among certain sections of the society, the literature of the elite was composed in the curious mixture of Sanskrit and Malwyala which is referred to as Manipravalammani meaning ruby Malayalam and pravalam meaning coral Sanskrit. His poems are classified under the genre of kilippattu.

Learn how and when to remove these template messages. The exact identity of the author remains a mystery, but it is widely believed that one of the members of the Travancore Royal Family wrote it.

The word “Thullal” literally means “dance”, but under this name Nambiar devised a new style of verse narration with a little background music and dance-like swinging movement to wean the people away from the Chakkiyar Koothuwhich was the art form popular till then.

This page was last edited on 9 Decemberat Venkiteswaran Joseph Mundassery K. With the starting of the first printing presses in the 16th century by Christian missionaries, prose literature received a great boost.


Malayalam literature

Margamkalippattu is the song for this performance depicting the story malaylaa Thomas the Apostle. Thirukural wrote by indiginions-dravidean-buddha-jaina Literature in malayalam. Unniyadi Charitamwhich also exists in a fragmented form, is supposed to be written by Damodara Chakkiar.

There was a great lull in the field of literary creation in Malayalam for nearly a century after the death of Kunchan Nambiar. Kerala Varma’s nephew A.

sahithyma This led to the production of a number of grammatical works in Malayalam. The 16th century also saw the writing of some dramatic works in Manipravalam and pure Malayalam, Bharatavakyamoften described as a choral narration, is a work in Manipravalam which was used for stage performance.

Kesava Pillai wrote Kesaviyam a mahakavya and a number of attakkathas. It was both a break and a continuation.

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Regarded as the first short-story of Malayalam literature. Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan wrote his two great epics Adhyathmaramayanam and Srimahabharatam and two shorter pieces, Irupathinalu Vrittam and Harinama Kirtanam and thereby revolutionised Malayalam language and literature at once.

The post-independence period saw a fresh start in the history of longer fiction in Malayalam as in many other Indian languages, parallel to the evolution of post-world war fiction in other parts of the world. Madhavan Nandanar Narayan O.


Later, poets like Cherusseri introduced poems on devotional themes. Chandhu Menon ‘s Indulekha was the first major novel in Malayalam language. Various type of tribal Literature Living in kerala. The Bhakti school was thus revived, and in the place of the excessive sensuality sahjthyam eroticism of the Manipravalam poets, the seriousness of the poetic vocation was reasserted by them.


Published in the monthly periodical Jnananikshepam August edition. More First social novel in Malayalam, first novel made in Malayalam with Malayali characters and sabithyam story based in Malabar, Kerala. The tendency of the modern poetry is often regarded as toward political radicalism. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Views Read Edit View history.

Next in importance are the works of Kottayathu Tampuran whose period is about the middle of the seventeenth century. He used pure Malayalam as opposed to the stylised and Sanskritised Malayalam language of Chakkiyar Koothu. Ezhuthachan sahithym, a strong proponent of Bhakti movementis known as the father of Malayalam.

There were also other important works, similar to manipravalamin Arabi Malayalam like Sahihtyam Mala. The most widely known of these is Naishadham followed by Rajaratnavaliyam and Kodia Viraham.

Christian missionaries Benjamin Bailey —Joseph Peet, Richard Collins and George Mathen — were responsible for many works on Malayalam language based on western models.